• by vinux

The Justice Cup is an award given to those who demonstrate a commitment to fairness and justice. Those who are awarded the cup are recognized for their dedication to upholding the values of equality and justice in their communities. The Justice Cup is an honor that celebrates those who take a stand against injustice and strive to make the world a better place.
Fairness cup, ancient Han nationality drinking with porcelain products. In the middle of the cup stood an old man or dragon head, with an empty porcelain tube inside, and a small hole under the tube connected to the bottom of the cup; The upper end of the tube was equivalent to the height of the mole on the chest (or Dragon Jaw) of the old man.

There is a hole at the connection between the head and the bottom of the cup. When pouring water into the cup, if the water level is lower than the upper end of the porcelain tube, the water will not leak out; when the water level exceeds the upper end of the porcelain tube, the water will leak from the leakage hole in the bottom of the cup. This kind of leakage cup is called “Gongdao Cup” by Han ethnic people, which is made according to physical siphon principle. The most fair way to pour wine with Gongdao Cup is to pour it shallowly and not full, otherwise all wine in it will be leaked out without leaving a drop.

The history of the Gongdao Cup goes back to the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). During this period, the cup was used for official gatherings and banquets. In the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), it became popular among civilians as a drinking vessel, especially among scholars and literati. People would gather around and discuss topics such as philosophy, literature, politics, and other topics. The Gongdao Cup was praised for its large capacity and practical design. People believed it promoted civility and harmony in discussions. The cup has remained popular to this day and is still seen at social events.

During the Ming Dynasty, the government set up the “Imperial Kiln Factory” in Jingdezhen to manufacture imperial porcelain exclusively for the palace. At that time, Jingdezhen was known as the center of porcelain production and was known for its exquisite craftsmanship.

Jingdezhen is a town under Jiangxi’s Fuliang County, and after potters from nearby Duchang, Fuzhou, Fengcheng, Leping and Poyang Counties heard the news of “Imperial Kiln Factory” opening in Jingdezhen, they gathered there in large numbers. Potters from Duchang and Fuzhou were the majority. The requirements for imperial porcelain were high with a complicated production process. All who were selected for the “Imperial Kiln Factory” were highly skilled potters who produced delicate and exquisite products such as the “Gongdao Cup”.

The legend of the Justice Cup tells of a cup that inspired justice, courage and wisdom in all who drank from it. The cup was said to have been created by a powerful wizard and given to a knight as a reward for his virtue. Years later, it was passed on to another nobleman who used it to pass down his values and teachings to his descendants. To this day, the Justice Cup is remembered as an important symbol of justice and courage.

Legend has it that, in an attempt to please the emperor and gain his appreciation, the magistrate of Fuluang County at the time issued an order to the artisans of “Yuyue Kiln” to make a “Nine-Dragon Cup” as an imperial tribute within half a year. If it was satisfactory, there would be rewards; if not, punishments. After the decree was made, the magistrate himself oversaw its production. Since making the “Nine-Dragon Cup” was difficult and time was short, all of the artisans were anxious. People worked day and night, using their intelligence and wit to its fullest potential. After more than three months and dozens of trials, they eventually succeeded. When he saw the exquisite “Nine-Dragon Cup”, county magistrate smiled delightedly and personally rode a fast horse to take it to Beijing as a tribute for the emperor. Upon seeing this artwork from Fuluang County presented as a tribute, Emperor Hongwu Zhu Yuanzhang was so enamored with it that he could not put it down; he praised Jingdezhen’s porcelain workers for their superb porcelain craftsmanship and remarked that Jingdezhen is worthy of its title as Porcelain Capital. For his successful tribute presentation, the county magistrate gained recognition from the emperor and soon rose in rank, from county magistrate to prefecture governor.

After Zhu Yuanzhang obtained the “Nine Dragons Cup”, he often used this precious item to entertain the civil and military ministers. At one banquet, Emperor Hongwu intentionally rewarded several of his confidants by making their wine cups full, while other ministers who usually spoke frankly were served with shallow cups. As it turned out, those whom the emperor had intended to show favor to did not drink at all, and all the imperial wine leaked from the bottom of the “Nine Dragons Cup”, while other ministers happily drank the wine given by the emperor. The emperor was very puzzled, and when he found out why, he knew that this cup was most fair when serving wine: only shallowly filled, otherwise all the wine in the cup would leak out without a drop left.

The fairness of the “Nine Dragons Cup” was named by Emperor Hongwu as the “Fairness Cup”. Those content with what they have will have their water remain, but those who are greedy will be left empty handed. The parable of the “Fairness Cup” tells people that justice must be sought when doing things and one should not be excessively greedy.

The principle of the fair cup is that everyone gets an equal amount of liquid regardless of the size or shape of the cup. The concept is based on the assumption that all cups are filled to the same height, and that the volume of liquid in each cup is equal.

Made using the siphon principle. In order to further explore the traditional ceramic craftsmanship techniques, ceramic artists at Jingdezhen Shu Guang Porcelain Factory have made bold improvements to the “Fair Cup”. The original cup spout angle was facing down, with a single decoration, and water exceeding 70% of the cup capacity would all leak out. After repeated experiments and improvements, the “Fair Cup” has its spout pointing up, decorated with blue and white and color patterns, extremely beautiful, and its water capacity has increased from 70% to 90%. Nowadays, the “Just Cup” is famous both at home and abroad and can be regarded as a high-grade art treasure of ceramics. In 1982, the Worker’s Daily published an article entitled “The ‘Fair Cup’ Shocked Japan”, pointing out that this cup was deeply favored by foreign merchants. Nowadays, tourists coming to visit porcelain are all amazed when they see this treasure and all be captivated by the “Fair Cup”.