- by vinux
1. Porcelain Tea Set – Porcelain is the most common material for tea sets, featuring a white and translucent appearance and a delicate body.
2. Glass Tea Set – Transparent glass tea set can make the color of the tea more obvious, with a strong visual effect.
3. Ceramic Tea Set – The ceramic tea set has good heat insulation performance and is fired at high temperature, which makes it durable and not easy to break.
4. Bamboo-Made Tea Set – Bamboo is often used for making traditional Chinese-style teaware, which has good heat preservation performance and natural flavor that cannot be found in other materials.
In the “Tea Classic·Four Utensils” written by Lu Yu of the Tang Dynasty, the twenty-four utensils suitable for cooking and drinking tea can be said to be the highest level of understanding of ancient tea utensils. What modern people call “tea utensils” mostly refers to tea pots, tea cups, tea spoons and other such tea drinking utensils. In fact, with the collaboration between tea drinkers and artists, modern tea utensils have made pleasing progress in terms of material breakthroughs.
Modern teaware can be divided into several production areas, including Fujian Dehua, Jiangxi Jingdezhen, Jiangsu Yixing, Taiwan area, and other countries such as Japan and South Korea. In terms of styles of teaware, Japan and South Korea have a preference for natural and elegant styles while China tends to favor luxurious and exquisite styles. In fact, no matter how innovative the design changes or complex the material combinations are, they all rely on traditional material selection and design concepts of teawares. The mainstream materials for traditional teawares are still porcelain, pottery, lacquer ware, glass and metal; bamboo-wooden teaware is seldom seen nowadays.
The best of all in the pottery teaware is undoubtedly the purple sand teaware. As the most traditional tea ware material, purple sand is fired densely, with fine and delicate texture, not leaking, but invisible to the naked eye, pores. Long-term use can also absorb tea juice and store tea flavor. It remains the mainstream material for modern teaware selection.
White porcelain tea sets are the most famous in Jingdezhen. Others such as Hunan Liling, Hebei Tangshan and Anhui Qimen have their own characteristics. Qing porcelain tea sets, Longquan Ge Kiln of Zhejiang, one of the five famous kilns in Song Dynasty, produced various kinds of green porcelain ware including teapots, teacups, tea cups, tea cups and teapans in its heyday. Black porcelain tea set is most famous for Jianzhan produced by Jianyang Kiln in Fujian.
Lacquerware teaware began in the Qing Dynasty and is mainly produced in the area around Fuzhou, Fujian province. Traditionally, Fuzhou-produced lacquerware teaware has varieties such as “Baoshan Shanshong”, “Jinsimanyao”, “Youbian Jinsi”, “Fangguci” and “Diaotian”. After creating new crafts such as the ruby-like “Chijin Sha” and the dark-flowered “Anhua”, they become even more vivid and eye-catching.
In modern times, glassware has developed greatly. With its transparent texture and great plasticity, glassware has various forms and wide applications. When making tea with a glass cup, one can enjoy the vivid colors and delicate softness of the tea soup and leaves as they move up and down during the infusion process, and watch the gradual unfolding of the leaves – it can be said to be a dynamic appreciation of art.
Tea sets made of metal, mainly gold, silver, copper, tin and other metals, with tin being particularly advantageous as a container material for tea storage. Bamboo and wooden tea sets are inexpensive and practical, and were widely used in the rural areas and tea producing regions in the past to brew tea in bamboo or wooden bowls. However, they are seldom used nowadays.