• by vinux

1. Keeping the tea hot for longer.
2. Preventing dust, bugs and other unwanted particles from getting in the cup.
3. Helping to keep the flavor of the tea strong and fragrant while steeping.
4. Allowing you to watch the tea leaves unfurl and steep without having to constantly lift the lid off of your cup.
A covered bowl is a type of Chinese tea set with a lid on top, a base on the bottom, and a bowl in the middle. Also known as “three talents bowl” or “three talents cup”, the lid symbolizes Heaven, the base symbolizes Earth, and the bowl symbolizes Humanity, implying the harmony of Heaven, Earth and Human. In folk culture, having one’s hair in a hairstyle similar to cover bowl is also referred to as having cover bowl, as it looks like having a bowl cover placed on top of one’s head. The base of this tea set is also called “tea boat”. When preparing tea with covered bowls, one must first use boiling water to rinse the bowls and then pour hot water along with tea leaves into them; depending on the quantity and type of tea leaves used, brewing time typically ranges from 20 seconds to 3 minutes. During the reign of Emperor Yongzheng in Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), using covered bowls was popular.

A teapot lid used to brew tea in the past was mostly used for flower tea and Tieguanyin. There is no restriction now.When using, it can be brewed for sharing, or each person can get a set and use it as a teacup to drink tea directly. The materials used to make the lid are porcelain, purple sand, glass, etc., with more porcelain lids in various colors. Mr. Lu Xun once wrote in his article “Drinking Tea”: “To drink good tea, you must use a covered bowl. So use a covered bowl. Sure enough, after brewing, it was clear in color and sweet in taste, fragrant but slightly bitter, which is indeed good tea.” Why did Mr. Lu Xun single out the praise of the lid among many bowls, cups, pots and cups? There must be a reason for this.

Those who are well-versed in the art of tea tasting know that it is especially important to observe “the color, smell, taste, and shape” of the tea. Brewing tea in cups and pots is not conducive to observing the color or shape, nor to adjusting the strength of the tea soup. The teapot has a straight barrel shape so that when the leaves and buds are put into hot water and boiled, there is no pleasure in drinking it; northern-style large pots brewing tea easily lose heat, aroma and flavor, making it dull and tasteless. In addition, if the tea is brewed for too long, its quality will decrease. Whether from a perspective of tasting or health preservation, the shortcomings of brewing tea in cups and pots are obvious.

Covering the bowl to make tea, also known as “Three Talent Cup” implies the meaning of heaven, earth and man. It is used to brew oolong tea. In Wuyi City, Fujian Province, when evaluating the grade of tea leaves, experts usually use the covered bowl method. Brewing oolong tea with a covered bowl facilitates color and aroma observation, so professional Tea Masters prefer to use the covered bowl method.

The benefits of using a cup to make tea are: it helps keep the tea warm for longer, infuses the tea with a fuller flavour, and prevents dust, dirt, and other particles from entering the cup.

Using a covered bowl to steep tea has advantages such as convenience, being easy to learn, not absorbing flavors, quickly conducting heat, practicality and elegance. Different sizes of covered bowls are available in the market, including those with five grams, seven grams and ten grams capacity. It is very easy to adjust the amount of tea according to the size of the covered bowl purchased.

A covered bowl is suitable for steeping any kind of tea, and there is no type of tea that the covered bowl can’t handle. Unlike glass cups, which are only suitable for green tea, other teas are not suitable. A purple sand pot is not suitable for green tea either. Moreover, due to the double-hole structure of the purple sand pot, it easily absorbs the flavor of tea, so if you love many kinds of tea, you need to use a different pot for each one. However, if using a covered bowl, since porcelain bowls do not absorb flavor, as long as you have one cover bowl at home, any kind of tea can be steeped with some slight adjustments in step according to its nature.

The glaze of porcelain lidded bowl is tight, which cannot help to improve the taste of tea, but can truly reflect the advantages and disadvantages of tea. Every time you try a new tea, it’s best to use a covered bowl to brew several times, so that you can understand the nature of the tea by comparison, and then use a purple sand pot to focus on brewing techniques to bring out the advantages of the tea and conceal its shortcomings.

The requirements for tea-making with a lid bowl are minimal and simple. All you need is a lid bowl, a kettle and a scoop of tea leaves to make a cup of tea. However, if you care about the utensils, you can add fair cups, tea trays and teacups. In short, the configuration of making tea with a lid bowl is flexible, both complicated and simple.

For environmentalists, this is enough for them to choose a bowl to cover when making tea, as it saves water compared to twice the amount used when using a purple sand teapot.

How to use a teacup to brew tea? First, heat up some water and let it cool down for about two minutes. Put the desired amount of tea leaves or tea bags in the teacup. Pour the warm water into the teacup, then cover with a lid or plate. Let it steep for 3-5 minutes, depending on your preference. Finally, remove the tea leaves or bags and enjoy your freshly brewed cup of tea!

Infusing Tea: Put a proper amount of tea leaves. Generally, a cup is 140ml in size. If you plan to steep it just once, it is recommended to put 2g of tea leaves (1.5% of the water). You can adjust the quantity according to your own taste.

Flush with hot water of an appropriate temperature.

Timing: The above tea to water ratio needs to be steeped for 10 minutes for a suitable concentration. After 10 minutes, the concentration is roughly fixed, so you can then slowly drink it without the concentration continuing to increase.


Drink: Serve tea. Open the lid, enjoy the scent steaming from the bottom of the lid, stir the tea soup with the lid, appreciate the color of the tea soup and the posture of the tea leaves after unfolding, and make the tea soup even dense. Cover the bowl with a slanted cover with a gap large enough to pour water but small enough to filter out tea debris. Hold down the cover knob and serve it for drinking. For formal occasions, carry it together with a tray and place it on the table.