• by vinux

An ancient proverb states, “Vessels are the father of tea, and water is the mother of tea”. Drinking tea is inseparable from tea ware, which includes teapots, bowls, cups, plates and trays. An important aspect of the ancient art of drinking tea was paying attention to the artistry of the tea ware; a set of tailor-made exquisite wares that match the color, aroma and taste of famous teas complements each other. With the popularity of drinking tea and the evolution of customs in different eras, there are more and more varieties of tea ware with increasingly exquisite quality.


The teapot is the centerpiece of tea sets. The size, clay material, shape, etc., all relate to the aroma and flavor of the tea soup. In the Ming Dynasty, it was advocated that small is precious for pottery vessels, “small pots will not dilute the taste and fragrance will not be hidden”; Xu Ci was pointed out in Ouyu Commentary of Tea that silver-tin made pots are beneficial to tea soup, followed by porcelain pots with glaze inside and outside; Yixing pottery teapots were highly praised by then tea amateurs, but it still needs to avoid insufficient sintered temperature or earthy flavor to spoil the tea. A good teapot should have a tight lid, evenness around its body, clear and clean water outlet at its spout.

Pot Inheritance

The original function of the teapot is to keep the table clean and dry, and to accept the hot water from the kettle. The purpose of the kettle is to heat up the teapot so that it can brew out a delicious flavor of tea, for which high-temperature tea leaves are needed. At this time, a deep belly teacup should be chosen to receive the hot water from the kettle. When using a deep belly teapot to make tea, remember to pour out the hot water that has been poured into the kettle, and do not let the teapot stay in cold water for too long. Otherwise, not only will the temperature of the pot drop and unable to brew out delicious tea soup, but after a long time, there will be two tones on its body.

Cover the bowl.

A cover cup, also known as a lid cup, is a set of tea ware consisting of a lid, bowl, and tray. In the Qing Dynasty, flower tea was popular in the north and the capacity of the tea soup was large, so the cover cup with insulation function was developed. The mouth of the cover cup is large and when it is opened, the tea soup and leaves can be seen clearly. When drinking, it can be stirred with the lid directly or picked up with the cup lid to smell at one’s nose. The tray can prevent scalding when serving tea and make the cover cup look elegant and generous. When we purchase a cover cup, we should pick it up to try it out. Sometimes too big a size will be hard to handle. At the same time try to see if the lid is easy to move so that it will be convenient to stir when making tea.

Tea cup

Tea bowl, also known as Gongdao Cup, is named for its ability to distribute each cup of tea evenly. There are also those who call it “tea sea”. In the forty-first chapter of Dream of Red Mansions, Miaoyu ridiculed Baoyu: One cup is a product, two cups are stupid to quench thirst, three cups are drinking cattle and horses, what is this sea you eat? When choosing tea bowls, pay attention to the capacity of the tea bowl must be larger than that of the teapot, because the tea bowl is used to mix tea soup. Sometimes two pots of tea must be put in. Therefore, the capacity of the tea bowl should be larger than that of the teapot to avoid insufficient loading; The opening of the teacup should choose a large one so that it can facilitate pouring tea into it from the teapot; In addition, as with teapots, it is also important for water to flow out from the teacup when pouring tea into a cup. Consider whether it flows smoothly without spilling everywhere.

Tea and tea spoon

When taking tea leaves, it is best to use tea spoon. If there is sweat or hand cream smell on the hands, directly taking tea leaves may absorb other odors. The ball shaped leaves are easy to be set with a spoon, while for the strip-shaped leaves, a larger bamboo spoon should be prepared in advance. Tea spoon can not only scoop up the tea dregs but also pour in water into the teapot. During spring time, cut tender bamboo branches and trim them into aerodynamic shape and then put some pebbles from riverside as its base. You can also use thin chopsticks instead of a tea spoon for more freedom when picking up dregs and leaves.

Tea Canister

A tea caddy, a container used for storing tea leaves, should be kept away from light and heat and humidity, hence porcelain containers with high density or earthenware pots glazed inside and out are often used. Metal containers should be avoided due to the risk of rusting and grease. When choosing a tea caddy, one should consider its functionality, preferably opting for a larger one so as to avoid breaking the tea leaves when dealing with more fluffy ones.

Tea Tray

Tea trays are shallow vessels used to hold teapots, cups, tea pets and even tea food. They come in a wide variety of materials, such as metal, bamboo and pottery. Metal tea trays are the simplest and most durable, while bamboo tea trays are the most elegant and appropriate. In addition, there are also tea trays made of special stones such as jade, Duanyan stone and purple sand. These tea trays have a simple and heavy charm of their own.

Water direction.

Water bowls, also known as water pans, are used for catching dirt and pouring away the water from warm kettles and tea residue after brewing. The choice of a water bowl should be based on the space available when making tea, so selecting one of an appropriate size will not take up too much space and affect your movement while making tea.


A teacloth, or jiefang, is an ancient item used to clean teacups. Generally no larger than a handkerchief, it is made to be delicate and compact. When we make tea using high temperatures, after pouring water on the pot, we can place it on the teacloth which will absorb any hot water at the bottom of the pot, thus preventing any water from running down the side.

A kettle and a stove.

A group of dexterous teapots can bring infinite inspiration to tea drinkers. The “Four Treasures of the Tea Room” mentioned in the jade book is a teapot. When the water boils, the lid makes a sound like calling people to make tea. Modern kettles come in various forms, and people tend to choose anti-scalding, lightweight and portable kettles for conveniently making a pot of good tea anytime and anywhere. Common ones include instant teapots, electric kettles, and thermos holders that are favored by connoisseurs.

The cold winter, if there is a fashionable and convenient, warm and intimate warming tea treasure like a hand warmer always at hand, keeping the temperature of the tea just right at 45 degrees, you can drink a cup immediately when working or reading, it must be extremely comfortable.